Located on the Caledon River, Maseru is the only major urban center of Lesotho. Maseru ranks among the older towns in the Southern African region, but it was officially founded by the British as a small police camp after the Free State-Basotho Wars between the Boers and the British.
Prior to Lesotho’s independence, the British had little interest in developing the city, thus Maseru was contained within well-defined colonial boundaries. Maseru quickly outgrew to become the most important market town and business center in the kingdom, a role it retains to this day. The city center is studded with charming sandstone edifices dating from the earliest days. In fact, the name of the city is a Sesotho word meaning “red sandstones”.